Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain, usually afflicting middle-aged people or younger people who work on their feet or participate in sports such as running. Plantar fasciitis may occur in one or both feet.
Plantar Fasciitis Causes
The plantar fascia is the ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes, and supports the arch of the foot. When the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, weak or swollen due to a strain or tear, plantar fasciitis occurs. Plantar fasciitis usually causes pain in the heel of the foot upon walking or standing.
Plantar fasciitis is the result of strain to the foot brought on by having to stand for extended periods, or regular participation in sports involving running. Repetitive stretching and tearing can cause the fascia to become irritated or inflamed. Factors that may contribute to the likelihood of developing plantar fasciitis include:
- Excessive pronation - feet roll inward too much when walking
- High arches or flat feet
- Poor quality or condition of footwear
- Tight Achilles tendons or calf muscles
- Excessive weight
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
Most people with plantar fasciitis experience gradually developing symptoms, including:
- Pain with first few steps upon getting out of bed
- Pain upon long periods of standing
- Pain when getting up from a seated position
- Stabbing pain in the heel of the foot
Plantar Fasciitis Treatment
Plantar fasciitis is diagnosed through a physical examination, but may also include an X-ray or MRI to rule out other possible issues. Most cases of plantar fasciitis are treated with one or more of the following:
- Physical therapy - to stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon
- Night splints - to stretch the calf and arch of the foot during sleep
- Orthotics - arch support shoe inserts to alleviate pressure points in the feet
- Medication - oral pain relievers and or corticosteroid injections
If you suspect that you may have plantar fasciitis, contact us today to schedule an appointment. We will provide a thorough and comprehensive evaluation and prescribe the best course of treatment for you.